Wing Chun Kuen Kuit are “Words of Wisdom” which capture in poetic terms the finer attributes of Wing Chun Kung Fu. “Kuen Kuit” is Cantonese for “martial sayings” or “fighting songs.” Chinese martial arts employ Kuen Kuit as concise, rhythmic verses which present a method or philosophy of a style. Even among competing Wing Chun traditions, many sayings are recognized and shared. One significant proverb cites, “Loy Lau Hoi Sung, Lut Sau Jik Chung.” This means: “Retain what’s coming in; Send off what’s retreating; Rush in upon loss of hand contact.” Regardless of the Wing Chun tradition, this advice bridges many differences and defines one of the most important strategies of the art.
The original Wing Chun Kuen Kuit are believed to descended from an ancient, oral tradition, and reportedly were connected to southern Chinese secret societies of the nineteenth century. Moy Yat wrote, “It was during the ching dynasty that many of the proverbs were part of secret codes and rituals developed by the rebels dedicated to overthrowing the Manchus.” Over the passing years, unrelated or inapplicable sayings were eventually discarded, the remaining few are described as being “truly intrinsic” to Wing Chun Kung Fu.
“Wing Chun Chuen Jing Tung” is an important proverb usually displayed in the traditional Wing Chun school. This refers to the genuineness of the martial art and reads, “Wing Chun authentically passing down.” This means passing on the true system of Wing Chun “unchanged by your own ideas.” Other well known proverbs cite: Kuen Yau Sum Faat (The punch starts from the heart); Ying Da Juck Da, But Ying Da, But Ho Da … (Strike when you should, Do not strike when you should not …); Chew Ying Joi Ying (Face toward and chase the opponent); Chum Jong Sau Jone (Sink the elbow, protect the center)4; Guan Mo Leung Heung (The staff doesn’t make two sounds), etc.
Wing Chun’s Traditional Rules of Conduct and the popular sayings above may be easily recognized. Others have been preserved based upon the discretion of Augustine Fong, and these originally appears in Randy William 6 book set. There are maxims, training proverbs and sayings for all Wing Chun forms. The majority of these are genuine, artistic commentaries on Wing Chun boxing. It may be noticed some verses are similar to training proverbs presented in the Chinese Internal Arts. Thus, “People do not know the extent of my skills, but I know their abilities,” has been attributed to Yang Lew-Shan: “The theory of Tai-Chi is that nobody knows you, only you know them.” This is a popular saying, as are those which mention invisible techniques such as the famed Mo Ying Gerk (No Shadow kick).
While masters of self-defense declare that real experience is the best teacher, Wing Chun proverbs do excel as wonderful reminders and clues to the mastery of the martial art. These poetic stanzas preserve a secret Kung Fu tradition, a legacy which can be rendered in beautiful Chinese calligraphy. Wing Chun Kuen Kuit are treasures waiting to be discovered; they remain an outstanding contribution to the world of Chinese martial arts.
Traditional Wing Chun Rules of Conduct
– Remain disciplined – Conduct yourself ethically as a martial artist.
– Practice courtesy and righteousness – Serve the society and respect your elders.
– Love your fellow students – Be united and avoid conflicts.
– Limit your desires and pursuit of bodily pleasures – Preserve the proper spirit.
– Train diligently – Maintain your skills.
– Learn to develop spiritual tranquility – Abstain from arguments and fights.
– Participate in society – Be moderate and gentle in your manners.
– Help the weak and the very young – Use martial skills for the good of humanity.
– Pass on the tradition – Preserve this Chinese art and rules of conduct.
Maxims of Wing Chun
– Retain what comes in, send off what retreats. Rush in on loss of hand contact.
– Do not be lax when your opponent is not advancing.
– Once your opponent moves, his center of gravity changes.
– Make the first move to have control. Attack according to timing.
– Timing is achieved through practice.
– A strong attitude and posture gives an advantage over your opponent.
– Being alert and adapting to the situation allows maximum results for minimum effort.
– The body follows the movement of the hands. The waist and the stance move together.
– Complement the hands with posture to make good use of the centerline.
– The eyes and the mind travel together, paying attention to leading edge of attack.
– Charge into the opponent. Execute three moves together.
– Strike any presented posture if it is there. Otherwise strike where you see motion. Beware of sneak attacks, leakage attacks and invisible centerline attacks.
– Soft and relaxed strength will put your opponent in jeopardy.
– Coordinate the hands and feet. Movement is together.
– Do not take risks and you will always connect to the target.
– Have confidence and your calmness will dominate the situation.
– Occupy the inner gate to strike deep into the defense.
– To win in an instant is a superior achievement.
– The Yin Yang principle should be thoroughly understood.
– The theory of Wing Chun has no limit in it applications.
– Be humble to request your teacher for guidance.
– Understand the principles for your training.
– Upon achieving the highest level of proficiency, the application of techniques will vary according to the opponent.
Wing Chun Training Proverbs
– There are not many sets of training exercises in Wing Chun. They are easy to learn but to master them requires determination.
– Learning the usual ways will allow later variations.
– Short arm bridges and fast steps requires practicing the stance first.
– Siu Lim Tau mainly trains internal power.
– Lon Sau in Chum Kiu is a forceful technique.
– Bui Jee contains life saving emergency techniques.
– The Wooden Man develops use of power.
– Fancy techniques should not be used in sticky hand practice.
– Sticky leg practice is inseparable from the single leg stance.
– The steps follow turning of the body like a cat.
– The posture complements the hands to eject the opponent.
– The Six and a Half Point Staff does not make more than one sound.
– The Eight Cut Sword techniques have no match.
– The thrusting and fast attacks are well suited for closing in.
– Eyes beaming with courage can neutralize the situation.
– Unknown techniques are not suitable for training practice.
– Those who completely master the system are among the very few.
Seventeen Keys to Wing Chun
– Be ferocious when clashing.
– Be fast with your fist.
– Be forceful when applying power.
– Be accurate with timing.
– Be continuous when applying Fan Sau.
– Do not use all your strength.
– Protect your own posture.
– Be alert with your eyes.
– Unite your waist and stance.
– Coordinate your hands and feet.
– Movements must be agile.
– Comprehend the principles of Yin and Yang.
– Remain calm.
– Be steady with your breathing and strength.
– Sink your inner chi.
– Be commanding with your fighting demeanor.
– Be quick to end the fight.
(Excerpt from Everything Wing Chun)